A Typological Assessment of Anchors used in Northern Europe During the Early and High Middle Ages, CE 750 - 1300

Author: Daniel Claggett

Claggett, Daniel, 2018 A Typological Assessment of Anchors used in Northern Europe During the Early and High Middle Ages, CE 750 - 1300, Flinders University, College of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences

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Abstract

This thesis will present an overview of the current knowledge of the historical and chronological development of known anchors used in northern Europe between 750 and 1300 CE, representing the early and high middle ages in this region. It will detail the adoption, use, and evolution of iron anchor designs in the region. To achieve this, dated anchors will be identified and be ordered using typological assessment. This will enable the diagnostic forms and features anchors possess to be used for a system of classification based on these features. In addition, this thesis will discuss the role of cultural and economic interactions between the cultures of northern Europe and the Mediterranean throughout classical antiquity and the early medieval period (8th century BCE – 8th century CE) in influencing anchor design in northern Europe. It will also discuss the influence of the seafaring and shipbuilding methods of Viking cultures between the 8th century CE and 14th century CE. All dates used in this thesis will use the Common Era year-numbering system, with all dates using CE, unless specifically noted as BCE.

Keywords: Medieval Seafaring, Northern Europe, Metallurgy, Viking, Mediterranean, Anchors
Subject: Archaeology thesis

Thesis type: Masters
Completed: 2018
School: College of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences
Supervisor: Dr. Jonathan Benjamin; Dr. Erin Sebo