MGNREGA's impact on the empowerment of India's marginalised groups in the labour market.

Author: Sithy Rabab Ghazali Hussain

Hussain, Sithy Rabab Ghazali, 2022 MGNREGA's impact on the empowerment of India's marginalised groups in the labour market., Flinders University, College of Business, Government and Law

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The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is a rights-based job guarantee program in India which is directed at the underprivileged populations of India, such as women, Scheduled Castes, and Scheduled Tribes, with the goal of reducing poverty and unemployment and providing them with a better empowered livelihood. However, since its inception it has been plagued by a slew of problems, raising strong reservations about its ability to achieve its stated goals. This thesis examines the lives of the Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, and women in India and within the Indian labour market. The success of MGNREGA in generating an empowered livelihood for marginalised populations is also examined in this study, utilising three criteria’s: equitable implementation of the Act, MNREGA and Women's Empowerment, and the value of MGNREGA awareness in terms of empowerment. Through a series of case studies, this thesis argued that each state has its own set of difficulties, making no two states the same. It was also argued that the MGNREGA is far from realising its full potential because it is not executed equitably, does not empower women and the SC/ST across India as it should, is not gender sensitive, and does not have high levels of awareness in all states.


Subject: International Relations thesis

Thesis type: Masters
Completed: 2022
School: College of Business, Government and Law
Supervisor: Dr. Anthony Langlois