Evaluation of the potential for the implementation of a 3D-Cadastre in urban areas in Indonesia

Author: Dicky Caesar Muharawan

Muharawan, Dicky Caesar, 2020 Evaluation of the potential for the implementation of a 3D-Cadastre in urban areas in Indonesia, Flinders University, College of Science and Engineering

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Construction around urban growth is a phenomenon in the fast-growing and evolving landscapes of Indonesia’s largest cities. A lot of the infrastructure is being built above and below ground level: this is in contrast to the low-rise cities with transportation networks that evolved in the colonial and post-colonial times.

The Indonesian Land Registration System still uses a two-dimensional cadastral model which is inadequate for the three-dimensional above-ground landscapes and the complex infrastructure. Land registration is becoming unmanageable, with an increasing number of conflicts around land rights, registration, and responsibilities.

This research endeavours to understand the opportunities and obstacles around the implementation of a 3D-land cadastre in Indonesia by conducting a critical and evaluation study in Jakarta and Bandung; and surveying a building of some complexity.

This thesis is composed of seven chapters. Chapter One is an introduction to the study context, including the background; the research aims and objectives of the study; and the thesis structure.

Chapter Two analyses the state of knowledge of 3D-cadastral systems. The chapter focuses on land registration and cadastre; then explores the 3D-cadastral registration systems by identifying the demand for registering unit spaces into a 3D-system and how these systems are developing across the world; and in a third section examines the development of 3D-cadastre system, and considers the laws related to land and buildings in Indonesia.

Chapter Three introduces the research design framework and the methods used. The application of 2D-, partial 3D, and full 3D-methods to survey and make linear measurements of a building of some complexity, the Flinders University Earth Sciences Building (FU-ESB), are described. The procedures for interviews with stakeholders are also outlined.

Chapter Four presents results from the development of a 3D-model of the FU-ESB and compares linear measurements from the 3D-model with those made from 2D- CAD plans, and those made with a distometer. The result showed that both the horizontal and vertical measurements made with the distometer and those from the 3D-were almost identical. However, differences were apparent for some measurements where 2D- CAD plans compared with either distometer or 3D-model measurements, which is an indication of human error in surveying for or drawing the 2D- CAD plans.

Chapter Five presents the results of the interviews about problems and key issues of current 2D- cadastre systems in two cities, potential solutions were identified and the readiness of the legal system, human resources, and organizational structures to adopt a 3D-cadastral system were examined.

Chapter Six analyses the result from the previous chapter which provides the researcher’s interpretations and evaluation of the interviews. It demonstrates the connections between the findings of the study related to the proposed implementation of a 3D-cadastral system using a SWOT analysis.

Conclusions in Chapter Seven summarizes introduction of a 3D-cadastral system in Indonesia with upgrading the legal and institutional frameworks, provide the laws related to 3D-cadastral object, which lead to economic growth; and promotion of the new technology, through Building Information Modelling (BIM) that would be beneficial asset management, decision making, and building performance analysis.

Keywords: 3D Cadastre, Land Administration, 3D cadastral information system, BIM, Laser Scanning, 3D model

Subject: Environmental Science thesis

Thesis type: Doctor of Philosophy
Completed: 2020
School: College of Science and Engineering
Supervisor: Prof. Andrew Millington