Indonesian Maritime Cultural Resources Management: A Study of Salvaged Material Cultures from Historic Shipwreck Finds in Indonesia

Author: Hutomo Hardjoko

Hardjoko, Hutomo, 2017 Indonesian Maritime Cultural Resources Management: A Study of Salvaged Material Cultures from Historic Shipwreck Finds in Indonesia , Flinders University, School of Humanities and Creative Arts

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Abstract

The struggling in the ethical issues of submerged underwater sites and underwater cultural heritage have been undertaking in Indonesia for the last two decades. Since the first major salvage case has occured in Indonesia by Mchael Hatcher, the central Government response has focused on the commercial survey and salvage of material cargoes from the historic shipwreck finds instead of the long term preservation. During these 20 years, commercial companies in collaboration with the National Shipwreck Committee recovered and salvaged substantial numbers of material cargoes. Unfortunately, the majority of these operations occurred without the involvement of archaeologists and lack of proper and controlled archaeological methods and excavation techniques. Since 2010, the Indonesian Government has declared a moratorium that temporarily stopped all commercial survey and salvage activities, and prohibits the sale of the artefacts. Nowadays, more than 190,000 artefacts raised by salvagers are currently stored at the National Shipwreck Committee warehouses near Jakarta, in Cileungsi, West Java, Indonesia. This study attempts to illustrate the disadvantages of the commercial salvage practices and the auction of salvaged artefacts. This research also discusses past and present practices related to maritime cultural resource management in Indonesia by identifying idiosyncrasies and providing some suggestions, where necessary, for improvement, to contribute to a more ethical system of protection and the long-term management of the Indonesian maritime cultural resources, including its existing collections from salvaged shipwreck sites that are stored at the National Shipwreck Committee warehouse today.

Keywords: Underwater Cultural Heritage, Indonesian Historic Shipwreck Finds, Commercial Survey, Salvaged Material Cargoes, The National Shipwreck Committee, Ethical System, Maritime Cultural Resources Management
Subject: Archaeology thesis, Humanities thesis

Thesis type: Masters
Completed: 2017
School: School of Humanities and Creative Arts
Supervisor: Wendy Van Duivenvoorde